Fundamentals of Momentum, Heat, and Mass Transfer, Fourth Edition | by James R. Welty et al. | ISBN: 9780471381495. Radiation Heat Transfer. Turbulence on Momentum Transfer. Convective Heat Transfer. HEAT EXCHANGER ANALYSIS AND DESIGN

Fundamentals of Momentum, Heat, and Mass Transfer, Fourth Edition

by James R. Welty et al.
ISBN:9780471381495

Building on the strengths of previous editions, this classic text is updated with applications to contemporary technologies, such as materials processing, electronic chip cooling, biochemical engineering, and more.

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Fundamentals of Momentum, Heat, and Mass Transfer, Fourth Edition







Preface to the 4th Edition
Chapter 1 – Concepts and Definitions
OVERVIEW
1.1: FLUIDS AND THE CONTINUUM
1.2: PROPERTIES AT A POINT
1.3: POINT-TO-POINT VARIATION OF PROPERTIES IN A FLUID
1.4: UNITS
PROBLEMS

Chapter 2 – Fluid Statics
OVERVIEW
2.1: PRESSURE VARIATION IN A STATIC FLUID
2.2: UNIFORM RECTILINEAR ACCELERATION
2.3: FORCES ON SUBMERGED SURFACES
2.4: BUOYANCY
2.5: CLOSURE
PROBLEMS

Chapter 3 – Description of a Fluid in Motion
3.1: FUNDAMENTAL PHYSICAL LAWS
3.2: FLUID FLOW FIELDS: LAGRANGIAN AND EULERIAN REPRESENTATIONS
3.3: STEADY AND UNSTEADY FLOWS
3.4: STREAMLINES
3.5: SYSTEMS AND CONTROL VOLUMES

Chapter 4 – Conservation of Mass—Control-Volume Approach
4.1: INTEGRAL RELATION
4.2: SPECIFIC FORMS OF THE INTEGRAL EXPRESSION
4.3: CLOSURE
PROBLEMS

Chapter 5 – Newton’s Second Law of Motion—Control-Volume Approach
5.1: INTEGRAL RELATION FOR LINEAR MOMENTUM
5.2: APPLICATIONS OF THE INTEGRAL EXPRESSION FOR LINEAR MOMENTUM
5.3: INTEGRAL RELATION FOR MOMENT OF MOMENTUM
5.4: APPLICATIONS TO PUMPS AND TURBINES
5.5: CLOSURE
PROBLEMS

Chapter 6 – Conservation of Energy—Control-Volume Approach
6.1: INTEGRAL RELATION FOR THE CONSERVATION OF ENERGY
6.2: APPLICATIONS OF THE INTEGRAL EXPRESSION
6.3: THE BERNOULLI EQUATION
6.4: CLOSURE
PROBLEMS

Chapter 7 – Shear Stress in Laminar Flow
NEWTON’S VISCOSITY RELATION
7.2: NON-NEWTONIAN FLUIDS
7.3: VISCOSITY
7.4: SHEAR STRESS IN MULTIDIMENSIONAL LAMINAR FLOWS OF A NEWTONIAN FLUID
7.5: CLOSURE
PROBLEMS

Chapter 8 – Analysis of a Differential Fluid Element in Laminar Flow
OVERVIEW
8.1: FULLY DEVELOPED LAMINAR FLOW IN A CIRCULAR CONDUIT OF CONSTANT CROSS SECTION
8.2: LAMINAR FLOW OF A NEWTONIAN FLUID DOWN AN INCLINED-PLANE SURFACE
8.3: CLOSURE
PROBLEMS

Chapter 9 – Differential Equations of Fluid Flow
9.1: THE DIFFERENTIAL CONTINUITY EQUATION
9.2: NAVIER-STOKES EQUATIONS
9.3: BERNOULLI’S EQUATION
9.4: CLOSURE
PROBLEMS

Chapter 10 – Inviscid Fluid Flow
OVERVIEW
10.1: FLUID ROTATION AT A POINT
10.2: THE STREAM FUNCTION
10.3: INVISCID, IRROTATIONAL FLOW ABOUT AN INFINITE CYLINDER
10.4: IRROTATIONAL FLOW, THE VELOCITY POTENTIAL
10.5: TOTAL HEAD IN IRROTATIONAL FLOW
10.6: UTILIZATION OF POTENTIAL FLOW
10.7: POTENTIAL FLOW ANALYSIS- SIMPLE PLANE FLOW CASES
10.8: POTENTIAL FLOW ANALYSIS-SUPERPOSITION
10.9: CLOSURE
PROBLEMS

Chapter 11 – Dimensional Analysis
OVERVIEW
11.1: DIMENSIONS
11.2: GEOMETRIC AND KINEMATIC SIMILARITY
11.3: DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS OF THE NAVIER-STOKES EQUATION
11.4: THE BUCKINGHAM METHOD
11.5: MODEL THEORY
11.6: CLOSURE
PROBLEMS

Chapter 12 – Viscous Flow
OVERVIEW
12.1: REYNOLDS’S EXPERIMENT
12.2: DRAG
12.3: THE BOUNDARY-LAYER CONCEPT
12.4: THE BOUNDARY-LAYER EQUATIONS
12.5: BLASIUS’S SOLUTION FOR THE LAMINAR BOUNDARY LAYER ON A FLAT PLATE
12.6: FLOW WITH A PRESSURE GRADIENT
12.7: VON KÁRMÁN MOMENTUM INTEGRAL ANALYSIS
12.8: CLOSURE
PROBLEMS

Chapter 13 – The Effect of Turbulence on Momentum Transfer
13.1: DESCRIPTION OF TURBULENCE
13.2: TURBULENT SHEARING STRESSES
13.3: THE MIXING-LENGTH HYPOTHESIS
13.4: VELOCITY DISTRIBUTION FROM THE MIXING-LENGTH THEORY
13.5: THE UNIVERSAL VELOCITY DISTRIBUTION
13.6: FURTHER EMPIRICAL RELATIONS FOR TURBULENT FLOW
13.7: THE TURBULENT BOUNDARY LAYER ON A FLAT PLATE
13.8: FACTORS AFFECTING THE TRANSITION FROM LAMINAR TO TURBULENT FLOW
13.9: CLOSURE
PROBLEMS

Chapter 14 – Flow in Closed Conduits
14.1: DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS OF CONDUIT FLOW
14.2: FRICTION FACTORS FOR FULLY DEVELOPED LAMINAR, TURBULENT, AND TRANSITION FLOW IN CIRCULAR CONDUITS
14.3: FRICTION FACTOR AND HEAD-LOSS DETERMINATION FOR PIPE FLOW
14.4: PIPE-FLOW ANALYSIS
14.5: FRICTION FACTORS FOR FLOW IN THE ENTRANCE TO A CIRCULAR CONDUIT
14.6: CLOSURE
PROBLEMS

Chapter 15 – Fundamentals of Heat Transfer
OVERVIEW
15.1: CONDUCTION
15.2: THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY
15.3: CONVECTION
15.4: RADIATION
15.5: COMBINED MECHANISMS OF HEAT TRANSFER
15.6: CLOSURE
PROBLEMS

Chapter 16 – Differential Equations of Heat Transfer
16.1: THE GENERAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATION FOR ENERGY TRANSFER
16.2: SPECIAL FORMS OF THE DIFFERENTIAL ENERGY EQUATION
16.3: COMMONLY ENCOUNTERED BOUNDARY CONDITIONS
16.4: CLOSURE
PROBLEMS

Chapter 17 – Steady-State Conduction
OVERVIEW
17.1: ONE-DIMENSIONAL CONDUCTION
17.2: ONE-DIMENSIONAL CONDUCTION WITH INTERNAL GENERATION OF ENERGY
17.3: HEAT TRANSFER FROM EXTENDED SURFACES
17.4: TWO- AND THREE-DIMENSIONAL SYSTEMS
17.5: CLOSURE
PROBLEMS

Chapter 18 – Unsteady-State Conduction
OVERVIEW
18.1: ANALYTICAL SOLUTIONS
18.2: TEMPERATURE-TIME CHARTS FOR SIMPLE GEOMETRIC SHAPES
18.3: NUMERICAL METHODS FOR TRANSIENT CONDUCTION ANALYSIS
18.4: AN INTEGRAL METHOD FOR ONE-DIMENSIONAL UNSTEADY CONDUCTION
18.5: CLOSURE
PROBLEMS

Chapter 19 – Convective Heat Transfer
OVERVIEW
19.1: FUNDAMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS IN CONVECTIVE HEAT TRANSFER
19.2: SIGNIFICANT PARAMETERS IN CONVECTIVE HEAT TRANSFER
19.3: DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS OF CONVECTIVE ENERGY TRANSFER
19.4: EXACT ANALYSIS OF THE LAMINAR BOUNDARY LAYER
19.5: APPROXIMATE INTEGRAL ANALYSIS OF THE THERMAL BOUNDARY LAYER
19.6: ENERGY- AND MOMENTUM-TRANSFER ANALOGIES
19.7: TURBULENT FLOW CONSIDERATIONS
19.8: CLOSURE
PROBLEMS

Chapter 20 – Convective Heat-Transfer Correlations
OVERVIEW
20.1: NATURAL CONVECTION
20.2: FORCED CONVECTION FOR INTERNAL FLOW
20.3: FORCED CONVECTION FOR EXTERNAL FLOW
20.4: CLOSURE
PROBLEMS

Chapter 21 – Boiling and Condensation
21.1: BOILING
21.2: CONDENSATION
21.3: CLOSURE
PROBLEMS

Chapter 22 – Heat-Transfer Equipment



OVERVIEW
22.1: TYPES OF HEAT EXCHANGERS
22.2: SINGLE-PASS HEAT-EXCHANGER ANALYSIS: THE LOG-MEAN TEMPERATURE DIFFERENCE
22.3: CROSSFLOW AND SHELL-AND-TUBE HEAT-EXCHANGER ANALYSIS
22.4: THE NUMBER-OF-TRANSFER-UNITS (NTU) METHOD OF HEAT-EXCHANGER ANALYSIS AND DESIGN
22.5: ADDITIONAL CONSIDERATIONS IN HEAT-EXCHANGER DESIGN
22.6: CLOSURE
PROBLEMS

Chapter 23 – Radiation Heat Transfer
23.1: NATURE OF RADIATION
23.2: THERMAL RADIATION
23.3: THE INTENSITY OF RADIATION
23.4: PLANCK’S LAW OF RADIATION
23.5: STEFAN-BOLTZMANN LAW
23.6: EMISSIVITY AND ABSORPTIVITY OF SOLID SURFACES
23.7: RADIANT HEAT TRANSFER BETWEEN BLACK BODIES
23.8: RADIANT EXCHANGE IN BLACK ENCLOSURES
23.9: RADIANT EXCHANGE WITH RERADIATING SURFACES PRESENT
23.10: RADIANT HEAT TRANSFER BETWEEN GRAY SURFACES
23.11: RADIATION FROM GASES
23.12: THE RADIATION HEAT-TRANSFER COEFFICIENT
23.13: CLOSURE
PROBLEMS

Chapter 24 – Fundamentals of Mass Transfer
OVERVIEW
24.1: MOLECULAR MASS TRANSFER
24.2: THE DIFFUSION COEFFICIENT
24.3: CONVECTIVE MASS TRANSFER
24.4: CLOSURE
PROBLEMS

Chapter 25 – Differential Equations of Mass Transfer
OVERVIEW
25.1: THE DIFFERENTIAL EQUATION FOR MASS TRANSFER
25.2: SPECIAL FORMS OF THE DIFFERENTIAL MASS-TRANSFER EQUATION
25.3: COMMONLY ENCOUNTERED BOUNDARY CONDITIONS
25.4: STEPS FOR MODELING PROCESSES INVOLVING MOLECULAR DIFFUSION
24.5: CLOSURE
PROBLEMS

Chapter 26 – Steady-State Molecular Diffusion
OVERVIEW
26.1: ONE-DIMENSIONAL MASS TRANSFER INDEPENDENT OF CHEMICAL REACTION
26.2: ONE-DIMENSIONAL SYSTEMS ASSOCIATED WITH CHEMICAL REACTION
26.3: TWO-AND THREE-DIMENSIONAL SYSTEMS
26.4: SIMULTANEOUS MOMENTUM, HEAT, AND MASS TRANSFER
26.5: CLOSURE
PROBLEMS

Chapter 27 – Unsteady-State Molecular Diffusion
OVERVIEW
27.1: UNSTEADY-STATE DIFFUSION AND FICK’S SECOND LAW
27.2: TRANSIENT DIFFUSION IN A SEMI-INFINITE MEDIUM
27.3: TRANSIENT DIFFUSION IN A FINITE-DIMENSIONAL MEDIUM UNDER CONDITIONS OF NEGLIGIBLE SURFACE RESISTANCE
27.4: CONCENTRATION-TIME CHARTS FOR SIMPLE GEOMETRIC SHAPES
27.5: CLOSURE
PROBLEMS

Chapter 28 – Convective Mass Transfer
OVERVIEW
28.1: FUNDAMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS IN CONVECTIVE MASS TRANSFER
28.2: SIGNIFICANT PARAMETERS IN CONVECTIVE MASS TRANSFER
28.3: DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS OF CONVECTIVE MASS TRANSFER
28.4: EXACT ANALYSIS OF THE LAMINAR CONCENTRATION BOUNDARY LAYER
28.5: APPROXIMATE ANALYSIS OF THE CONCENTRATION BOUNDARY LAYER
28.6: MASS, ENERGY, AND MOMENTUM-TRANSFER ANALOGIES
28.7: MODELS FOR CONVECTIVE MASS-TRANSFER COEFFICIENTS
28.8: CLOSURE
PROBLEMS

Chapter 29 – Convective Mass Transfer Between Phases
OVERVIEW
29.1: EQUILIBRIUM
29.2: TWO-RESISTANCE THEORY
29.3: CLOSURE
PROBLEMS

Chapter 30 – Convective Mass-Transfer Correlations
OVERVIEW
30.1: MASS TRANSFER TO PLATES, SPHERES, AND CYLINDERS
30.2: MASS TRANSFER INVOLVING FLOW THROUGH PIPES
30.3: MASS TRANSFER IN WETTED-WALL COLUMNS
30.4: MASS TRANSFER IN PACKED AND FLUIDIZED BEDS
30.5: GAS-LIQUID MASS TRANSFER IN STIRRED TANKS
30.6: CAPACITY COEFFICIENTS FOR PACKED TOWERS
30.7: STEPS FOR MODELING MASS-TRANSFER PROCESSES INVOLVING CONVECTION
30.8: CLOSURE
PROBLEMS

Chapter 31 – Mass-Transfer Equipment
OVERVIEW
31.1: TYPES OF MASS-TRANSFER EQUIPMENT
31.2: GAS-LIQUID MASS-TRANSFER OPERATIONS IN WELL-MIXED TANKS
31.3: MASS BALANCES FOR CONTINUOUS CONTACT TOWERS: OPERATING-LINE EQUATIONS
31.4: ENTHALPY BALANCES FOR CONTINUOUS-CONTACT TOWERS
31.5: MASS-TRANSFER CAPACITY COEFFICIENTS
31.6: CONTINUOUS-CONTACT EQUIPMENT ANALYSIS
31.7: CLOSURE
PROBLEMS

Nomenclature
Appendix A – Transformations of the Operators ? and ?2 to Cylindrical Coordinates
THE OPERATOR ? IN CYLINDRICAL COORDINATES
THE OPERATOR ?2 IN CYLINDRICAL COORDINATES

Appendix B – Summary of Differential Vector Operations in Various Coordinate Systems
CARTESIAN COORDINATES
CYLINDRICAL COORDINATES
SPHERICAL COORDINATES

Appendix C – Symmetry of the Stress Tensor
Appendix D – The Viscous Contribution to the Normal Stress
Appendix E – The Navier-Stokes Equations for Constant ? and µ in Cartesian, Cylindrical, and Spherical Coordinates
CARTESIAN COORDINATES
CYLINDRICAL COORDINATES
SPHERICAL COORDINATES

Appendix F – Charts for Solution of Unsteady Transport Problems
Appendix G – Properties of the Standard Atmosphere
Appendix H – Physical Properties of Solids
Appendix I – Physical Properties of Gases and Liquids
Appendix J – Mass-Transfer Diffusion Coefficients in Binary Systems
Appendix K – Lennard-Jones Constants
Appendix L – The Error Function
Appendix M – Standard Pipe Sizes
Appendix N – Standard Tubing Gages

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