## Fundamentals of Momentum, Heat, and Mass Transfer, Fourth Edition | by James R. Welty et al. | ISBN: 9780471381495. Radiation Heat Transfer. Turbulence on Momentum Transfer. Convective Heat Transfer. HEAT EXCHANGER ANALYSIS AND DESIGN

**Fundamentals of Momentum, Heat, and Mass Transfer, Fourth Edition**

**by James R. Welty et al.
ISBN:9780471381495**

Building on the strengths of previous editions, this classic text is updated with applications to contemporary technologies, such as materials processing, electronic chip cooling, biochemical engineering, and more.

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**Fundamentals of Momentum, Heat, and Mass Transfer, Fourth Edition**

Preface to the 4th Edition

**Chapter 1 – Concepts and Definitions**

OVERVIEW

1.1: FLUIDS AND THE CONTINUUM

1.2: PROPERTIES AT A POINT

1.3: POINT-TO-POINT VARIATION OF PROPERTIES IN A FLUID

1.4: UNITS

PROBLEMS

**Chapter 2 – Fluid Statics**

OVERVIEW

2.1: PRESSURE VARIATION IN A STATIC FLUID

2.2: UNIFORM RECTILINEAR ACCELERATION

2.3: FORCES ON SUBMERGED SURFACES

2.4: BUOYANCY

2.5: CLOSURE

PROBLEMS

**Chapter 3 – Description of a Fluid in Motion**

3.1: FUNDAMENTAL PHYSICAL LAWS

3.2: FLUID FLOW FIELDS: LAGRANGIAN AND EULERIAN REPRESENTATIONS

3.3: STEADY AND UNSTEADY FLOWS

3.4: STREAMLINES

3.5: SYSTEMS AND CONTROL VOLUMES

**Chapter 4 – Conservation of Mass—Control-Volume Approach**

4.1: INTEGRAL RELATION

4.2: SPECIFIC FORMS OF THE INTEGRAL EXPRESSION

4.3: CLOSURE

PROBLEMS

**Chapter 5 – Newton’s Second Law of Motion—Control-Volume Approach**

5.1: INTEGRAL RELATION FOR LINEAR MOMENTUM

5.2: APPLICATIONS OF THE INTEGRAL EXPRESSION FOR LINEAR MOMENTUM

5.3: INTEGRAL RELATION FOR MOMENT OF MOMENTUM

5.4: APPLICATIONS TO PUMPS AND TURBINES

5.5: CLOSURE

PROBLEMS

**Chapter 6 – Conservation of Energy—Control-Volume Approach**

6.1: INTEGRAL RELATION FOR THE CONSERVATION OF ENERGY

6.2: APPLICATIONS OF THE INTEGRAL EXPRESSION

6.3: THE BERNOULLI EQUATION

6.4: CLOSURE

PROBLEMS

**Chapter 7 – Shear Stress in Laminar Flow**

NEWTON’S VISCOSITY RELATION

7.2: NON-NEWTONIAN FLUIDS

7.3: VISCOSITY

7.4: SHEAR STRESS IN MULTIDIMENSIONAL LAMINAR FLOWS OF A NEWTONIAN FLUID

7.5: CLOSURE

PROBLEMS

**Chapter 8 – Analysis of a Differential Fluid Element in Laminar Flow**

OVERVIEW

8.1: FULLY DEVELOPED LAMINAR FLOW IN A CIRCULAR CONDUIT OF CONSTANT CROSS SECTION

8.2: LAMINAR FLOW OF A NEWTONIAN FLUID DOWN AN INCLINED-PLANE SURFACE

8.3: CLOSURE

PROBLEMS

**Chapter 9 – Differential Equations of Fluid Flow**

9.1: THE DIFFERENTIAL CONTINUITY EQUATION

9.2: NAVIER-STOKES EQUATIONS

9.3: BERNOULLI’S EQUATION

9.4: CLOSURE

PROBLEMS

**Chapter 10 – Inviscid Fluid Flow**

OVERVIEW

10.1: FLUID ROTATION AT A POINT

10.2: THE STREAM FUNCTION

10.3: INVISCID, IRROTATIONAL FLOW ABOUT AN INFINITE CYLINDER

10.4: IRROTATIONAL FLOW, THE VELOCITY POTENTIAL

10.5: TOTAL HEAD IN IRROTATIONAL FLOW

10.6: UTILIZATION OF POTENTIAL FLOW

10.7: POTENTIAL FLOW ANALYSIS- SIMPLE PLANE FLOW CASES

10.8: POTENTIAL FLOW ANALYSIS-SUPERPOSITION

10.9: CLOSURE

PROBLEMS

**Chapter 11 – Dimensional Analysis**

OVERVIEW

11.1: DIMENSIONS

11.2: GEOMETRIC AND KINEMATIC SIMILARITY

11.3: DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS OF THE NAVIER-STOKES EQUATION

11.4: THE BUCKINGHAM METHOD

11.5: MODEL THEORY

11.6: CLOSURE

PROBLEMS

**Chapter 12 – Viscous Flow**

OVERVIEW

12.1: REYNOLDS’S EXPERIMENT

12.2: DRAG

12.3: THE BOUNDARY-LAYER CONCEPT

12.4: THE BOUNDARY-LAYER EQUATIONS

12.5: BLASIUS’S SOLUTION FOR THE LAMINAR BOUNDARY LAYER ON A FLAT PLATE

12.6: FLOW WITH A PRESSURE GRADIENT

12.7: VON KÁRMÁN MOMENTUM INTEGRAL ANALYSIS

12.8: CLOSURE

PROBLEMS

**Chapter 13 – The Effect of Turbulence on Momentum Transfer**

13.1: DESCRIPTION OF TURBULENCE

13.2: TURBULENT SHEARING STRESSES

13.3: THE MIXING-LENGTH HYPOTHESIS

13.4: VELOCITY DISTRIBUTION FROM THE MIXING-LENGTH THEORY

13.5: THE UNIVERSAL VELOCITY DISTRIBUTION

13.6: FURTHER EMPIRICAL RELATIONS FOR TURBULENT FLOW

13.7: THE TURBULENT BOUNDARY LAYER ON A FLAT PLATE

13.8: FACTORS AFFECTING THE TRANSITION FROM LAMINAR TO TURBULENT FLOW

13.9: CLOSURE

PROBLEMS

**Chapter 14 – Flow in Closed Conduits**

14.1: DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS OF CONDUIT FLOW

14.2: FRICTION FACTORS FOR FULLY DEVELOPED LAMINAR, TURBULENT, AND TRANSITION FLOW IN CIRCULAR CONDUITS

14.3: FRICTION FACTOR AND HEAD-LOSS DETERMINATION FOR PIPE FLOW

14.4: PIPE-FLOW ANALYSIS

14.5: FRICTION FACTORS FOR FLOW IN THE ENTRANCE TO A CIRCULAR CONDUIT

14.6: CLOSURE

PROBLEMS

**Chapter 15 – Fundamentals of Heat Transfer**

OVERVIEW

15.1: CONDUCTION

15.2: THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY

15.3: CONVECTION

15.4: RADIATION

15.5: COMBINED MECHANISMS OF HEAT TRANSFER

15.6: CLOSURE

PROBLEMS

**Chapter 16 – Differential Equations of Heat Transfer**

16.1: THE GENERAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATION FOR ENERGY TRANSFER

16.2: SPECIAL FORMS OF THE DIFFERENTIAL ENERGY EQUATION

16.3: COMMONLY ENCOUNTERED BOUNDARY CONDITIONS

16.4: CLOSURE

PROBLEMS

**Chapter 17 – Steady-State Conduction**

OVERVIEW

17.1: ONE-DIMENSIONAL CONDUCTION

17.2: ONE-DIMENSIONAL CONDUCTION WITH INTERNAL GENERATION OF ENERGY

17.3: HEAT TRANSFER FROM EXTENDED SURFACES

17.4: TWO- AND THREE-DIMENSIONAL SYSTEMS

17.5: CLOSURE

PROBLEMS

**Chapter 18 – Unsteady-State Conduction**

OVERVIEW

18.1: ANALYTICAL SOLUTIONS

18.2: TEMPERATURE-TIME CHARTS FOR SIMPLE GEOMETRIC SHAPES

18.3: NUMERICAL METHODS FOR TRANSIENT CONDUCTION ANALYSIS

18.4: AN INTEGRAL METHOD FOR ONE-DIMENSIONAL UNSTEADY CONDUCTION

18.5: CLOSURE

PROBLEMS

**Chapter 19 – Convective Heat Transfer**

OVERVIEW

19.1: FUNDAMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS IN CONVECTIVE HEAT TRANSFER

19.2: SIGNIFICANT PARAMETERS IN CONVECTIVE HEAT TRANSFER

19.3: DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS OF CONVECTIVE ENERGY TRANSFER

19.4: EXACT ANALYSIS OF THE LAMINAR BOUNDARY LAYER

19.5: APPROXIMATE INTEGRAL ANALYSIS OF THE THERMAL BOUNDARY LAYER

19.6: ENERGY- AND MOMENTUM-TRANSFER ANALOGIES

19.7: TURBULENT FLOW CONSIDERATIONS

19.8: CLOSURE

PROBLEMS

**Chapter 20 – Convective Heat-Transfer Correlations**

OVERVIEW

20.1: NATURAL CONVECTION

20.2: FORCED CONVECTION FOR INTERNAL FLOW

20.3: FORCED CONVECTION FOR EXTERNAL FLOW

20.4: CLOSURE

PROBLEMS

**Chapter 21 – Boiling and Condensation**

21.1: BOILING

21.2: CONDENSATION

21.3: CLOSURE

PROBLEMS

**Chapter 22 – Heat-Transfer Equipment**

OVERVIEW

22.1: TYPES OF HEAT EXCHANGERS

22.2: SINGLE-PASS HEAT-EXCHANGER ANALYSIS: THE LOG-MEAN TEMPERATURE DIFFERENCE

22.3: CROSSFLOW AND SHELL-AND-TUBE HEAT-EXCHANGER ANALYSIS

22.4: THE NUMBER-OF-TRANSFER-UNITS (NTU) METHOD OF HEAT-EXCHANGER ANALYSIS AND DESIGN

22.5: ADDITIONAL CONSIDERATIONS IN HEAT-EXCHANGER DESIGN

22.6: CLOSURE

PROBLEMS

**Chapter 23 – Radiation Heat Transfer**

23.1: NATURE OF RADIATION

23.2: THERMAL RADIATION

23.3: THE INTENSITY OF RADIATION

23.4: PLANCK’S LAW OF RADIATION

23.5: STEFAN-BOLTZMANN LAW

23.6: EMISSIVITY AND ABSORPTIVITY OF SOLID SURFACES

23.7: RADIANT HEAT TRANSFER BETWEEN BLACK BODIES

23.8: RADIANT EXCHANGE IN BLACK ENCLOSURES

23.9: RADIANT EXCHANGE WITH RERADIATING SURFACES PRESENT

23.10: RADIANT HEAT TRANSFER BETWEEN GRAY SURFACES

23.11: RADIATION FROM GASES

23.12: THE RADIATION HEAT-TRANSFER COEFFICIENT

23.13: CLOSURE

PROBLEMS

**Chapter 24 – Fundamentals of Mass Transfer**

OVERVIEW

24.1: MOLECULAR MASS TRANSFER

24.2: THE DIFFUSION COEFFICIENT

24.3: CONVECTIVE MASS TRANSFER

24.4: CLOSURE

PROBLEMS

**Chapter 25 – Differential Equations of Mass Transfer**

OVERVIEW

25.1: THE DIFFERENTIAL EQUATION FOR MASS TRANSFER

25.2: SPECIAL FORMS OF THE DIFFERENTIAL MASS-TRANSFER EQUATION

25.3: COMMONLY ENCOUNTERED BOUNDARY CONDITIONS

25.4: STEPS FOR MODELING PROCESSES INVOLVING MOLECULAR DIFFUSION

24.5: CLOSURE

PROBLEMS

**Chapter 26 – Steady-State Molecular Diffusion**

OVERVIEW

26.1: ONE-DIMENSIONAL MASS TRANSFER INDEPENDENT OF CHEMICAL REACTION

26.2: ONE-DIMENSIONAL SYSTEMS ASSOCIATED WITH CHEMICAL REACTION

26.3: TWO-AND THREE-DIMENSIONAL SYSTEMS

26.4: SIMULTANEOUS MOMENTUM, HEAT, AND MASS TRANSFER

26.5: CLOSURE

PROBLEMS

**Chapter 27 – Unsteady-State Molecular Diffusion**

OVERVIEW

27.1: UNSTEADY-STATE DIFFUSION AND FICK’S SECOND LAW

27.2: TRANSIENT DIFFUSION IN A SEMI-INFINITE MEDIUM

27.3: TRANSIENT DIFFUSION IN A FINITE-DIMENSIONAL MEDIUM UNDER CONDITIONS OF NEGLIGIBLE SURFACE RESISTANCE

27.4: CONCENTRATION-TIME CHARTS FOR SIMPLE GEOMETRIC SHAPES

27.5: CLOSURE

PROBLEMS

**Chapter 28 – Convective Mass Transfer**

OVERVIEW

28.1: FUNDAMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS IN CONVECTIVE MASS TRANSFER

28.2: SIGNIFICANT PARAMETERS IN CONVECTIVE MASS TRANSFER

28.3: DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS OF CONVECTIVE MASS TRANSFER

28.4: EXACT ANALYSIS OF THE LAMINAR CONCENTRATION BOUNDARY LAYER

28.5: APPROXIMATE ANALYSIS OF THE CONCENTRATION BOUNDARY LAYER

28.6: MASS, ENERGY, AND MOMENTUM-TRANSFER ANALOGIES

28.7: MODELS FOR CONVECTIVE MASS-TRANSFER COEFFICIENTS

28.8: CLOSURE

PROBLEMS

**Chapter 29 – Convective Mass Transfer Between Phases**

OVERVIEW

29.1: EQUILIBRIUM

29.2: TWO-RESISTANCE THEORY

29.3: CLOSURE

PROBLEMS

**Chapter 30 – Convective Mass-Transfer Correlations**

OVERVIEW

30.1: MASS TRANSFER TO PLATES, SPHERES, AND CYLINDERS

30.2: MASS TRANSFER INVOLVING FLOW THROUGH PIPES

30.3: MASS TRANSFER IN WETTED-WALL COLUMNS

30.4: MASS TRANSFER IN PACKED AND FLUIDIZED BEDS

30.5: GAS-LIQUID MASS TRANSFER IN STIRRED TANKS

30.6: CAPACITY COEFFICIENTS FOR PACKED TOWERS

30.7: STEPS FOR MODELING MASS-TRANSFER PROCESSES INVOLVING CONVECTION

30.8: CLOSURE

PROBLEMS

**Chapter 31 – Mass-Transfer Equipment**

OVERVIEW

31.1: TYPES OF MASS-TRANSFER EQUIPMENT

31.2: GAS-LIQUID MASS-TRANSFER OPERATIONS IN WELL-MIXED TANKS

31.3: MASS BALANCES FOR CONTINUOUS CONTACT TOWERS: OPERATING-LINE EQUATIONS

31.4: ENTHALPY BALANCES FOR CONTINUOUS-CONTACT TOWERS

31.5: MASS-TRANSFER CAPACITY COEFFICIENTS

31.6: CONTINUOUS-CONTACT EQUIPMENT ANALYSIS

31.7: CLOSURE

PROBLEMS

Nomenclature

**Appendix A – Transformations of the Operators ? and ?2 to Cylindrical Coordinates**

THE OPERATOR ? IN CYLINDRICAL COORDINATES

THE OPERATOR ?2 IN CYLINDRICAL COORDINATES

**Appendix B – Summary of Differential Vector Operations in Various Coordinate Systems**

CARTESIAN COORDINATES

CYLINDRICAL COORDINATES

SPHERICAL COORDINATES

Appendix C – Symmetry of the Stress Tensor

Appendix D – The Viscous Contribution to the Normal Stress

Appendix E – The Navier-Stokes Equations for Constant ? and µ in Cartesian, Cylindrical, and Spherical Coordinates

CARTESIAN COORDINATES

CYLINDRICAL COORDINATES

SPHERICAL COORDINATES

Appendix F – Charts for Solution of Unsteady Transport Problems

Appendix G – Properties of the Standard Atmosphere

Appendix H – Physical Properties of Solids

Appendix I – Physical Properties of Gases and Liquids

Appendix J – Mass-Transfer Diffusion Coefficients in Binary Systems

Appendix K – Lennard-Jones Constants

Appendix L – The Error Function

Appendix M – Standard Pipe Sizes

Appendix N – Standard Tubing Gages

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